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|Chamaeleo Chamaeleo africanus
Information from CIA World Fact Book
|avg. temperature in January
50 to 68 degrees F.
|avg. temperature in July
||68 to 86 + degrees F.
sea level to 8600 ft avg.
Climate In Cairo, and along the Nile River Valley, winter high temperatures
range from the mid 60s to the upper 70s, while lows drop into the 40s.
Summers bring highs in the mid-90s, and lows in the 70s. Rainfall is sparse
here, (2-4 inches annually) but sudden showers do cause flooding.
Humidity in Egypt is high throughout the year, and in the interior deserts,
summer high temperatures often exceed 100º.
Conditions moderate along the Mediterranean coastline, and rainfall increases to
about 8 inches annually.
Landforms Most of
Egypt is covered by the low-lying sand dunes and depressions of the Western and
Libyan Deserts. East of the Nile River, the semi-arid Arabian Desert extends to
the edges of the Red Sea.
In the far southwest, the land rises into the Gilf Kebir Plateau, with
elevations near 2000 ft. Sandstone plateaus front the Nile and the Red Sea, with
cliffs as high as 1,800 ft. In the far southeast, the Red Sea Mountains, an
extension of the Ethiopian Highlands, continue on into Sudan.
The country is dissected by the amazing Nile River, as it flows north to the
Mediterranean Sea from it source in central Africa. The surrounding Nile Valley,
5-10 miles wide, is the country's only fertile land. and home to 98% of the
The Red Sea is extended into the Mediterranean by the man-made Suez Canal. The
Sinai Peninsula lies east of the canal, and this limestone plateau rises to Mt
Catherine in the south.
Lake Nassar, the largest lake, is man-made, and created when the Aswan dam was
constructed, then finished in 1970.
Highest Point: Mt. Catherine (2,637 m) (8,652 ft)
Lowest Point: Qattara Depression (-133 m)
periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving
windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms
agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands;
increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution
threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution
from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents; limited
natural fresh water resources away from the Nile, which is the only perennial
water source; rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural
for today's weather
conditions in other Egyptian cities