Egypt Africa

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Common Native Chameleons

Visit the "Family Tree" section for more info a species

Chamaeleo Chamaeleo musae  
Chamaeleo Chamaeleo africanus African
Chamaeleo Chamaeleo chameleon common

Geographical/Topographical Information

Information from CIA World Fact Book

annual rainfall under 10"
avg. temperature in January 50 to 68 degrees F.
avg. temperature in July 68 to 86 + degrees F.

sea level to 8600 ft  avg. 2-4k




Climate In Cairo, and along the Nile River Valley, winter high temperatures range from the mid 60s to the upper 70s, while lows drop into the 40s. Summers bring highs in the mid-90s, and lows in the 70s. Rainfall is sparse here, (2-4 inches annually) but sudden showers do cause flooding. Humidity in Egypt is high throughout the year, and in the interior deserts, summer high temperatures often exceed 100. Conditions moderate along the Mediterranean coastline, and rainfall increases to about 8 inches annually.



Landforms Most of Egypt is covered by the low-lying sand dunes and depressions of the Western and Libyan Deserts. East of the Nile River, the semi-arid Arabian Desert extends to the edges of the Red Sea.

In the far southwest, the land rises into the Gilf Kebir Plateau, with elevations near 2000 ft. Sandstone plateaus front the Nile and the Red Sea, with cliffs as high as 1,800 ft. In the far southeast, the Red Sea Mountains, an extension of the Ethiopian Highlands, continue on into Sudan.

The country is dissected by the amazing Nile River, as it flows north to the Mediterranean Sea from it source in central Africa. The surrounding Nile Valley, 5-10 miles wide, is the country's only fertile land. and home to 98% of the population.

The Red Sea is extended into the Mediterranean by the man-made Suez Canal. The Sinai Peninsula lies east of the canal, and this limestone plateau rises to Mt Catherine in the south.

Lake Nassar, the largest lake, is man-made, and created when the Aswan dam was constructed, then finished in 1970.

Highest Point: Mt. Catherine (2,637 m) (8,652 ft)

Lowest Point: Qattara Depression (-133 m)

Natural Hazards:
periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms

Environmental Issues:
agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents; limited natural fresh water resources away from the Nile, which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources


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