Cameroon Africa

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Common Native Chameleons

Visit the "Family Tree" section for more info a species

Chamaeleo Chamaeleo africanus African
Chamaeleo Trioceros eisentrauti  
Chamaeleo Trioceros pfefferi Pfeffer's
Chamaeleo Trioceros oweni Owen's
Chamaeleo Chamaeleo gracilis Graceful
Chamaeleo Chamaeleo senegalensis Senegal
Rhampholeon spectrum Spectral Pygmy
Chamaeleo Trioceros montium Mountain or Sailfin
Chamaeleo Trioceros cristatus Crested or Fringed
Chamaeleo Trioceros weidersheimi Peacock or Mount Lefo
Chamaeleo Trioceros camerunensis   
Chamaeleo Trioceros quadricornis

Giant Four-Horned or Cameroon Bearded

Chamaeleo Chamaeleo dilepis Flap-Necked
Chamaeleo Chamaeleo quilensis  

Geographical/Topographical Information

Information from CIA World Fact Book

annual rainfall 40"-60"
avg. temperature in January 68+ degrees F.
avg. temperature in July 68 to 86 degrees F.

sea level to 2083 ft avg 1-2k




The tropical coastal areas of Cameroon receive copious amounts of rain, that in some years exceeded 30 feet. That's right, 30 feet. While in the northern areas yearly precipitation amounts are much lower, averaging near 30 inches. Drought is a way of life in the far north. Daily highs in the mid 80s are commonplace, and overall, mean temperatures average in the high 70s; slightly warmer in the south, and a bit cooler in the western mountains.


From the low and marshy coastal area, the land rises into a rain forest plateau. From there the land moves higher into the central Adamawa Plateau, were some elevations reach over 4,000 ft. To the north of Benoue National Park, the land slopes into a savanna plain that extends to the shores of Lake Chad. Significant rivers include the Dja, Nyong and Sanaga. In the far southwest Cameroon is mountainous.

Highest Point: Mt. Cameroon, 13,353 ft. (4,070 m) (an active volcano) on the edge of the Gulf of Guinea and it's the highest point in West Africa.

Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft. (0 m)

Natural Resources:
Cameroon's natural resources include timber, iron ore, petroleum, bauxite and potential hydropower.


Natural Hazards:
A natural hazard for Cameroon is the volcanic activity, with periodic releases of poisonous gases, from the Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes.

Environmental Issues:
The country of Cameroon, in western Africa, has environmental issues pertaining to overgrazing, deforestation and desertification. There is incidence of both poaching and overfishing. Waterborne diseases are prevalent in Cameroon.

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