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Breeding techniques can be as varied as the number of species and the breeders. Each species has "quirks" and specific traits. Each breeder has preferences on techniques from whether the male is introduced to the female or vice versa and what medium and temperatures are used for incubation. I will describe and  illustrate some of the more popular preferences and discuss when they are most appropriate.

The following photographs are from a mating of a pair of Chamaeleo chameleo calyptratus (veiled). The process described below is similar to most commonly kept oviparous (egg laying) species. If you are attempting to breed species not specifically described here I suggest you check the AdCham Species Profile - Link opens in a new window for your species. Many profiles include breeding tips.

The pair is housed in separate enclosures.
    She was introduced into  his cage. Most experienced chameleon keepers suggest that the male be introduced into the female's enclosure. When it was evident that she was receptive to his advances, She was left in with him. If she was not receptive she would bob and hiss and possibly even lunge at him. When she was ready, she allowed him to approach her with little or no resistance. Their mating can appear rough and even violent. You may want to keep an eye on them to ensure her safety.
  The picture on the left shows more of the mating "dance". The picture on the right is a bit graphic and shows the insertion during copulation.
The picture on the right shows her gravid colors. She is letting everyone know she is off the market.
The picture on the left is Lady digging to bury her eggs. The picture on the right is the exposed clutch after I removed the sand. This was a 5 gallon bucket half filled with damp play sand. The sand should be damp enough to hold its shape similar to what might be used to make a sand castle. After she lays the eggs, carefully remove the excess sand until the eggs are exposed. Try not to disturb the eggs until you relocate them to the vermiculite containers.
These two photos show some of the eggs in a bed of damp vermiculite just as they are starting to hatch. Notice how the eggs are placed 6 in a container, evenly spaced, and laying on their side. Limiting the number of eggs per container helps reduce the risk of mold contaminating the entire clutch. These containers are placed in a dark room tempereature closet and monitored weekly for changes in appearance. Sunken and/or moldy eggs should be removed.,
You should be prepared for the new babies to arrive. Preparation includes stocking up on small feeder insects such as flightless fruit flies and pinhead crickets. You will also need housing for the new arrivals. Many cham owners have shown their creativity and made small cages from items such as large transparent pretzel jars. You can house a few in the same enclosure until they are 6-8 weeks old.

            

The pictures below are babies in egg sacks from two ovoviviparous species.  In ovoviviparous species the female carries eggs in her body until they hatch.

Mating is handled similar to oviparous species. Eggs remain inside the female until the babies are ready to attempt life on their own. The popular Jackson's are an example of this type of "live birth". The babies will need lots of care and watching over.  Again you will want to separate them to reduce stress and monitor appetite.
Notice the "gooey" substance surrounding the babies at birth. This is their egg sac.

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