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Anterior - Toward the front.
Annulated - Having ringed segments.
Arboreal - Living in or among the trees.
Axilla - Armpit or underarm, the area on the body under the joint where the arm connects to the shoulder.
Basking - Holding the body in a position directly exposed to the sun.
Bifurcated - Divided into two, forked.
Canthus Rostralis - Slight ridge separating the top and side surfaces of the mouth in some amphibians and reptiles, normally extending from the front corner of the eye to the nostril. (pl. Canthi Rostrales)
Casque - The upward projecting cap or helmet at the back of a chameleon's head.
Congenital - A condition that exists at birth - generally inherited
Cranial - Of or denoting the skull.
Crest - A bony or scaly extrusion.
Clutch - The complete set of eggs produced or incubated at one time.
Conical - Cone shaped.
Conspecific - Of or belonging to the same species; an organism belonging to the same species as another.
Culling - generally refers to allowing the death of offspring which may be malformed or unhealthy.
Dorsal - Pertaining to the back.
Dystocia - Egg Binding. Dystocia can occur in live-bearing and ovoviviparous species. Also refers to difficult or problematic births.
Dominant - an inherited trait that will express itself in an offspring.
Ectothermic - Of or relating to an organism that regulates its body temperature largely by exchanging heat with its surroundings; cold-blooded.
Flank - The fleshy side of a person or animal between the ribs and hip.
Filial Generation - The different generations involved in breeding experiments. F1 is the first filial or filial-one generation i.e. the (the parents are known as the P generation); F2 is the second filial or filial-two generation. Members of this generation are two generations remote from the original parent generation. F0 may be used to describe the parents and/or WC wild caught specimens.
Genotype - The actual genetic make-up of an individual as determined by its genes.
Gravid- Pregnant; carrying developing young or eggs.
Gular - Connected to the chin.
Gutload - The process of feeding a feeder insect nutritious food before offering it as food. Gutload can also be used as a noun when referring to the nutritionally balanced food offered to the insect. See Gutload recipe
Heterogeneous Squamation - Scales of varied colors sizes or patterns.
Homogeneous Squamation - Scales of the same color or pattern.
Husbandry - Husbandry is the process of caring for and breeding the same species to produce viable offspring for one or more generations.
Interstitial Skin - The skin that fills between scales.
Inbreeding - the breeding of two closely related individuals within one generation, ie. brother to sister, father to daughter, etc.
Lateral - Pertaining to the side of the body.
Lenticular - Double convex, shaped like a lentil.
Longitudinal - Lengthwise.
Montane - Pertaining to mountainous terrain or species dwelling in mountains.
Occipital - Pertaining to the back of the head.
Oviparous - Egg laying, reproducing by laying eggs that hatch OUTSIDE the females body.
Oviposition - The act of egg laying.
Ovoviviparous - Reproducing by eggs which the female carries in her body until they hatch.
Ovipositor - A tubular structure, usually concealed but sometimes extending outside the abdomen, with which many female insects deposit eggs.
Parity - The condition of having given birth; the state or fact of having borne offspring.
Parietal- Pertaining to the bones forming the roof and sides of the skull.
Phenotype - The outward appearance; The observed or measured expression of a trait for an individual.
Posterior - Toward the rear.
POTZ - Preferred Optimal Temperature Zone or the temperature range a reptile is most comfortable in when a variety of temperatures are available.
Prehensile - Adapted for grasping or grabbing by wrapping around; the chameleons tail.
Recessive - an inherited trait that may remain hidden or suppressed.
Rostral - Pertaining to the part of the head from the mouth tip to the nostrils; of or pertaining to the beak or snout of an animal.
Rostral Process - Protrusion from the snout.
Rostral Horn - An annulated horn protruding from the anterior tip of the snout.
Rostrum - Beak, the most anterior part of the head, snout.
Sexual Dimorphism - The existence of noticeable physical differences in males and females.
Spatulate - Flat, like a spatula.
Spermatophore - A spermatophore is a capsule or mass created by males of various invertebrate species, containing spermatozoa and transferred in entirety to the female's ovipore during copulation.
Spermatophylax - A mass of gelatinous material that the male secretes around the spermatophore immediately after inserting the spermatophore tube into the female. The female consumes the spermatophylax as the spermtophore empties its contents into her spermatheca
Spinose - Shaped like a thorn.
Striation - The quality of being marked by stripes or striae.
Tarsal Spur - An outgrowth on the heel.
Thanatosis - Posture suggestive of death "playing possum".
Thermoregulation - Control of body temperature through behavioral or physiological means i.e. basking and color change.
Tubercles - Warty protuberances. A round nodule, small eminence, or warty outgrowth found on bones, skin, or within the lungs in tuberculosis
Ventral - Pertaining to the lower portion of the body or its parts; toward the belly or underside of the animal.
WC - Wild caught. An animal that was born in the wild and captured.
Zygodactyl - Having the first and fourth toes of each foot directed backward and the second and third forward.